There are 3 types of tests currently used to detect COVID-19: Covguard provides them all. See https://www.covguard.com
- Reverse Transcriptase – Polymerase Chain Reaction Test, or PCR test. The PCR test is used by hospitals and it detects the virus RNA. This test has a high level of accuracy but it doesn’t pick up all infections. This test needs specialised laboratory equipment and takes at least 2 hours for the result. Samples are taken from the nose and throat.
- Antigen Detection test – This is a portable test that again takes swabs from the throat and nose, these are placed in a sample tube which goes into the analyser. Results are within 10 minutes.
- Point of Care Antibody Detection tests – This involves i) a finger prick test in which a drop of blood is loaded onto a test cassette, drops of diluent are then added and results read 10 minutes later. Or ii) a testing strip is inserted into the portable analyser machine and results are available within 8 minutes.
- Lab Based Antbody Detection Tests - This involves taking a blood sample and sending to a laboratory for anaylsis. This takes circa 20 minutes once the samples reach the lab.
Please see the graph:
Black = COVID-19 RNA detectable
Blue = COVID-19 surface antigens detectable
Red = Patient Antibdodies detectable